In 2003, the city of Louisville and Jefferson County governments merged, creating Louisville Metro. Most services consolidated, an exception being fire protection. Today, 16 separate fire departments protect nearly 400 square miles and over 770,000 people.
"Suburban Fire" or the Jefferson County Fire Service consists of 14 individual fire protection districts that are responsible for protecting 333 square miles and over 500,000 people. Collectively, there are 39 active fire stations. Over 500 career firefighters staff 19 engines, 2 quads, 8 quints, 3 truck companies, and 17 medics, plus a number of special units. There are roughly 200 volunteer firefighters that still provide additional support as well.
In addition to the Louisville Division of Fire and the suburban fire districts, the city of Shively maintains its own municipal fire department. There are also a number of airport, military, and industrial agencies and brigades, as well as several former fire departments that have disbanded, merged, or consolidated.